Insect stings prevention
To avoid insect bites in the countryside, mountains and gardens, in places when there is the most activity by insects:
- Keep your arms, legs and most of the body covered and wear appropriate footwear.
- Do not wear bright colours or use perfumes or colognes.
- Keep away from areas with flowers, fruits or rubbish.
- Do not eat near beehives or anthills.
- Use insect repellents on the skin (pharmacist advice is available).
- Use repellents or insecticide sprays, electric vaporizers, spiral fumigants or pen shaped ultrasound devices.
- Put screens on doors and windows and sleep with mosquito nets.
- Basil is a plant that especially repels mosquitoes.
If bites have occurred:
For treatment of local reactions:
- Wash the area with soap and water and apply a cold compress with ammonia or vinegar on insect bite. Ammonia can also be applied in the form of sticks (pen).
- In the case of bee stings remove the stinger carefully, pressing down gently, taking care not to break it as to avoid more venom. After removing the stinger, gently clean the area of the bite with soap and water to prevent secondary infections.
- Taking antihistamines decreases the reaction and itching.
- Raise the bite area and apply ice or a cold towel to reduce swelling and pain and then apply a corticosteroid cream.
- If superinfection has occurred (formation of pus, fever) or other symptoms appear in other organs, consult your doctor.
For the treatment of serious reactions:
- Systemic reactions (loss of consciousness, shortness of breath, etc.) are treated according to the protocol of the anaphylaxis treatment – go quickly to emergency services.
- If you have had severe reactions to previous hymenoptera, avoid being alone outdoors if there are insects in the environment because you may require fast medical emergency treatment. You also need to carry an adrenaline auto- injector device in case of new bites.